Breakthrough technologies as a factor of formation of information economy in the conditions of digitalization

Автор(и)

  • Т. В. Тесленко Вищий навчальний приватний заклад «Дніпровський гуманітарний університет», Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5810-3569
  • Viacheslav Zadoia Дніпровський національний університет залізничного транспорту імені академіка В. Лазаряна, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9408-4978

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26661/hst-2020-7-84-06

Ключові слова:

breakthrough technologies, information economy, smart city, Internet of Things, robotics, neurotechnologies, Fourth Industrial Revolution, digitalization

Анотація

The relevance of the study of breakthrough technologies objectively determines the need for radical digital changes in society, aimed at the development of robotics, artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things, nanotechnology, synthetic biology, quantum computers, "smart cities". The purpose of the study is to conceptualize breakthrough technologies as a factor in the formation of the information economy in the context of digitalization and the conditions for deepening these processes. Objectives of the study  1) study of the phenomenon of "smart city" as an information system represented by a complicated social organism, which is an intellectual environment associated with a set of sensors that significantly improve people's lives; 2) identifying the world of cloud technologies and the Internet of Things, which represent a variety of digital services that have a profound impact on the service sector - from transport to medicine and education; 3) clarification of the place, role and functions of robotics in a digitalized society; 4) analysis of neurotechnologies, based on new forms of cognitive computing and improving the design of machine learning algorithms. Research methodology - the use of methods of analysis and synthesis, process modeling, synergetic methodology as a methodology of nonlinearity, the method of systems analysis and synthesis, Agile-methodology as a methodology of complex social systems. The result of the study. 1. The concept of "smart cities" associated with digital services, which bring together a meaningful whole of information about the work of hospitals, schools and public transport networks. 2. The world of cloud technologies and the Internet of Things is revealed, which is based on the analysis of a huge amount of data generated by the Internet of Things and the search for patterns to provide services to the population to improve their lives. 3. The era of prosperity of robots and their economic potential in a digitalized society, which play an important role in both industrial production and human household, is revealed. 4. The analysis of neurotechnologies based on new forms of cognitive computations and improvement of designing of machine learning algorithms is presented. It is concluded that in the process of unfolding the Fourth Industrial Revolution, new breakthrough technologies will create new advantages in various industries and lead to important social consequences.

Біографії авторів

Т. В. Тесленко, Вищий навчальний приватний заклад «Дніпровський гуманітарний університет»

Кандидат економічних наук, доцент, завідувач кафедри економіки та менеджменту

Viacheslav Zadoia, Дніпровський національний університет залізничного транспорту імені академіка В. Лазаряна

Кандидат економічних наук, доцент кафедри економіки і менеджмент

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2021-06-14

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